Magnetized Water and Magnetohydrodynamics
Water is a chemical compound with the chemical formula H2O. A water molecule contains one oxygen and two hydrogen atoms connected by covalent bonds, the oxygen act as a negative, while each hydrogen acts as a positive, these water molecules do not travel alone as they form clusters with other water molecules by the attraction of a positive hydrogen of one molecule to the negative oxygen of another. Water molecule clusters come in many sizes, depending on the number of water molecules involved.
Where water that has not been magnetically structured, the water molecule clusters are generally comprised of many water molecules that are loosely attracted. This form of attraction allows toxins and pollutants to travel inside the water molecule cluster.
Magnetic field, when applied to normal water, it restructures the water molecules into very small water molecule clusters, breaking down minerals into smaller particles making them more bio-available. As water is in a hexagonal water molecule cluster, this does not allow the bonding of minerals to it, magnetically structured water removes scaling from pipes and won’t allow new scaling to take effect.
Magnetohydrodynamics or MHD is a well established science which was first demonstrated by Michael Faraday in his famous 1839 “London Bridge” experiment where a conducting liquid in motion through a magnetic field will become the seat of an induced current, just as in the case of a solid conductor. The intensity of this current is proportional to the strength of the magnetic field and the speed at which the liquid moves through the field. This effect reaches its maximum with a perpendicular intersection between the lines of force of the magnetic field and the direction of flow of the liquid. When these vectors are parallel, the effect is insignificant.
The effect of this induced current increases molecular and electron agitation and rotation. This higher level of excitation causes changes of various physical parameters, such as viscosity, surface tension, kinetics of crystallization, etc. Both theoretical and practical aspects of this phenomenon have been the subject of basic research in several universities in the United States of America, Europe, Japan, Australia, Israel, Egypt, Iran, Russia, Taiwan and China.
In scaling phenomenon, the prior treatment of the liquid in a magnetic field induces a more amorphous and less coherent precipitate (producing a precipitate of thermodynamically unstable aragonite instead of calcite). Old layers of scale are subjected to the retro-solution effect (as the power of solubility of the treated liquid has been increased), become softer and eventually crumble away. There are no new scale formations because the amorphous precipitate has lost its aptitude to adhere to one another, and is eliminated by the water flow or by programmed blowdowns. With higher conductivity of the liquid that is the higher the mineralization hence the hardness, the higher the MHD effect.